Numa tentativa de acabar com a gasolina e de estimular o eléctrico, a Tesla Motors permitirá a qualquer um – incluindo os seus maiores concorrentes – usar as suas patentes para desenvolver carros eléctricos. O anúncio foi feito pelo CEO Elon Musk, na última semana.
No blogue da Tesla Motors, Musk disse que a empresa não tomará qualquer medida legal contra quem “queira usar nossa tecnologia de boa fé”. O executivo referiu ainda que a Tesla foi fundada para acelerar o crescimento do transporte sustentável, e que “se abrirmos caminho para a criação de veículos elétricos, mas depois deixamos para trás bloqueios de propriedade intelectual, então estamos a agir contra o nosso objetivo inicial.”
Na mesma nota, Musk adianta ainda que, cada vez mais, as patentes “apenas servem para limitar o progresso, consolidar posições de empresas gigantes e enriquecer os advogados”, e que “a liderança tecnológica não é definida por patentes, mas sim pela capacidade de atrair e motivar os engenheiros mais talentosos do Mundo”.
Com esta posição de nós mostramos-te o nosso e tu mostras-nos o teu, a Tesla pretende não só acabar com a gasolina e desenvolver o mercado dos carros eléctricos, mas também equilibrar as suas contas, e também destacar-se num mercado onde a competição e o segredo reinam por tradição.
Lê aqui tudo o que Elon Musk escreveu no blogue da empresa:
Yesterday, there was a wall of Tesla patents in the lobby of our Palo Alto headquarters. That is no longer the case. They have been removed, in the spirit of the open source movement, for the advancement of electric vehicle technology.
Tesla Motors was created to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport. If we clear a path to the creation of compelling electric vehicles, but then lay intellectual property landmines behind us to inhibit others, we are acting in a manner contrary to that goal. Tesla will not initiate patent lawsuits against anyone who, in good faith, wants to use our technology.
When I started out with my first company, Zip2, I thought patents were a good thing and worked hard to obtain them. And maybe they were good long ago, but too often these days they serve merely to stifle progress, entrench the positions of giant corporations and enrich those in the legal profession, rather than the actual inventors. After Zip2, when I realized that receiving a patent really just meant that you bought a lottery ticket to a lawsuit, I avoided them whenever possible.
At Tesla, however, we felt compelled to create patents out of concern that the big car companies would copy our technology and then use their massive manufacturing, sales and marketing power to overwhelm Tesla. We couldn’t have been more wrong. The unfortunate reality is the opposite: electric car programs (or programs for any vehicle that doesn’t burn hydrocarbons) at the major manufacturers are small to non-existent, constituting an average of far less than 1% of their total vehicle sales.
At best, the large automakers are producing electric cars with limited range in limited volume. Some produce no zero emission cars at all.
Given that annual new vehicle production is approaching 100 million per year and the global fleet is approximately 2 billion cars, it is impossible for Tesla to build electric cars fast enough to address the carbon crisis. By the same token, it means the market is enormous. Our true competition is not the small trickle of non-Tesla electric cars being produced, but rather the enormous flood of gasoline cars pouring out of the world’s factories every day.
We believe that Tesla, other companies making electric cars, and the world would all benefit from a common, rapidly-evolving technology platform.
Technology leadership is not defined by patents, which history has repeatedly shown to be small protection indeed against a determined competitor, but rather by the ability of a company to attract and motivate the world’s most talented engineers. We believe that applying the open source philosophy to our patents will strengthen rather than diminish Tesla’s position in this regard.